A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SPEECH ACTS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER IN RYAN FLECK’S HALF NELSON

ASTIN NUFFIKA, ROIS (2012) A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SPEECH ACTS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER IN RYAN FLECK’S HALF NELSON. S1 thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

This research aims at (1) identifying and describing the types of speech acts in terms of the locutionary acts, the illocutionary acts and the perlocutionary acts delivered by the main character in Ryan Fleck’s Half Nelson outside and inside the school and (2) describing the way the main character copes with the life outside and inside the school. This research employed a descriptive qualitative method. The existence of number was used to reveal the frequencies of the types of speech act. The object of this research was the main character’s utterances in Ryan Fleck’s Half Nelson. The data were in the form of scenes that were analyzed based on Austin’s classification of types of speech act and Searle’s classification of illocutionary acts, and Holmes’s theory of context. The researcher was the primary instrument in this research. The secondary instrument was the data sheet. The data analyses of this research were based on the types of speech acts outside and inside the school. The results show that: first, related to the types of speech act, in terms of locutionary acts, there are three kinds of form, i.e. declarative, interrogative, and imperative. Declarative is the most dominant form used outside and inside the school. It is used in almost all functions of illocutionary act types. Regarding with the illocutionary acts, the main character, Dan, employs four types of act outside the school, i.e. assertive, directive, expressive, and commissive. Assertive holds the highest frequency. In the daily life, he feels that the condition around him is not in line with his opinion. Therefore, he uses his utterances to assert what he believes to be the case. Declaration is not performed by him outside the school since he is as a common person, who has no institutional position. On the other hand, inside the school, directive, assertive, expressive, commissive, and declaration are found. Directive is in the highest frequency because he is a teacher and a basketball coach who performs questioning, requesting, commanding, encouraging, suggesting, etc. Concerning the perlocutionary acts, there are four types of act found outside the school, i.e. get h to know, get h to do something, to express feeling, and get h to expect something. The most-dominant act is get h to know. He often expresses what he believes to others, so that they recognize it. Further, there are five kinds of perlocutionary act found inside the school, i.e. to get h to do something, get h to know, express feeling, praise, and get h to expect something. As a teacher, he employs the acts aimed to get h to do something most, such as questioning, requesting, commanding, etc. Second, he cannot completely split between both lives, outside and inside the school because of the effects of cocaine on his brain. However, he can be honest to tell what he thinks and feels about his life to people he likes or considers them as his ‘friends’ everywhere.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Perpustakaan
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Prodi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Perpustakaan
Depositing User: Eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 04:18
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2012 04:18
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/8156

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