Reginanita, Yusiana (2012) THE ASPECTS OF NATURALISM IN STEPHEN CRANE’S MAGGIE: A GIRL OF THE STREETS. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Yusiana Reginanita 07211144009.pdf

Download (80MB) | Preview


The objectives of the research are to find some aspects of naturalism in Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, to prove and to give information to the readers about how far this novel fulfils the requirements of the naturalism genre. Structuralism approach is used to answer the problems of this research. This research is a descriptive-qualitative study. The subject of this research is a novel entitled Maggie: A Girl of the Streets written by Stephen Crane. The data were some phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourses related to the characteristics of naturalism genre. The key instrument of this research was the researcher herself with the concepts that there must be some reasons why this novel is categorized as naturalistic novel which were drawn from the theory by Donald Pizer as illustrated in the framework of thinking. The researcher collected the data using read-write technique. The data analysis was conducted through six steps: identifying the data, reading and rereading the whole data, coding and categorizing the data, sorting the data, making the interrelation between the description of the data and the theory, finally making an interpretation based on the researcher’s comprehension about the theory. To obtain trustworthiness, the researcher used triangulation technique. There are two results of the research. The first result is answering the question about the aspects of naturalism which is classified into four aspects; determinism, pessimism, detachment of the story (objectivity), and unpredictable ending. Determinism aspect is divided in two parts; the external and internal forces. The external force is presented by the family condition and the environment (circumstance) and the internal force is presented by passion and instinct. Furthermore, there are four parts which represent pessimism aspect of naturalism namely having lost of hopes; lost hopes for jobs, lost hopes for love, lost hopes for security, and lost hopes for a better future. Meanwhile there are two pairs classified as the data for detachment of the story (objectivity) namely telling the story as close as possible to reality and creating nameless characters. The unpredictable ending in the end of the story leads the readers in one direction at the beginning and in the middle ultimately drifting towards a completely unexpected course. The second result is answering the question about how far Maggie: A Girl of the Streets can fulfil the requirements of the naturalistic genre. It is answered by juxtaposing the theory from Donald Pizer with other theories of naturalism; Charles Child Walcutt and Emile Zola. Those theories are gathered and classified in order to show that Maggie: A Girl of the Streets fulfills the requirements of the naturalistic genre and it is proved to be a naturalistic novel.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: aspects of naturalism, a girl of the streets
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa, Seni dan Budaya (FBSB) > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris > Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FBS
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2015 02:17
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2019 23:54

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item