A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS ON A STUTTERING CHARACTER IN ROCKET SCIENCE

Novanda Alim , Setya Nugraha (2012) A PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS ON A STUTTERING CHARACTER IN ROCKET SCIENCE. S1 thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA.

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Abstract

This study aims at identifying and describing stuttering suffered by the main character in Rocket Science. The objectives of this study are to identify and describe (1) the types of dysfluencies, (2) the types of associated behaviors, and (3) the kinds of treatments experienced by the stuttering character in Rocket Science. The study was a descriptive qualitative study with the researcher as the main instrument and the data sheets as the secondary instrument. The object of this research was the stuttering character’s utterances in Rocket Science. The data were utterances in the form of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences of the character containing and reflecting the phenomenon of stuttering. Another data source was the script of the movie. After being collected, the data were categorized and analyzed based on each category in psycholinguistic study. To enhance the trustworthiness of the data in this study, theory and researcher triangulations were applied. The result of the research shows three important points. First, there are two types of speech dysfluencies, namely between-word dysfluencies and within word dysfluencies. In between-word dysfluencies, there are interjections, multisyllabic whole-word repetitions, revisions, and phrase repetitions. Then in within-word dysfluencies, there are blocks (silent pauses), monosyllabic whole-word repetitions, and repetitions of individual sounds and syllables. Interjections can rank as the highest phenomenon in between-word dysfluencies because it is the most usual type of dysfluencies. Even, normal people sometimes experience Interjections to delay the initiation of a word the speaker expects to get stuck on. Meanwhile, blocks (silent pauses) in within-word dysfluencies can rank as the highest phenomenon because it is also the most usual type of dysfluencies too; even normal people sometimes experience blocks (silent pauses). Then, there are four types of associated behaviors of a stuttering person, namely eye behaviors, visible muscle tension, head, torso, and limb movement, and audible inhalations or exhalations. Eye behaviors can rank as the highest phenomenon in the associated behaviors of stuttering because this phenomenon is the earliest and most frequently observed associated behaviors that typically involve the eyes. Some of the more common eye behaviors are blinking, squeezing the eyes shut during moments of stuttering, side to-side movements of the eyes, and consistent loss of eye contact with the listener during instances of types of speech dysfluencies. The last, there are three kinds of treatments experienced by the stuttering character in Rocket Science. They are manuevers that can induce fluency, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and speech therapy. In addition, for the stuttering character, the implementations of those treatments are successful enough in overcoming the stuttering although the film shows that the treatments just can help Hal induce his fluency, not to make him recover from his stuttering.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Perpustakaan
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Prodi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Perpustakaan
Depositing User: Eprints
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2013 03:41
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2013 03:41
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/9415

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