IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION OF GRADE X IIS 1 AT SMAN 1 KASIHAN IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2014/2015 THROUGH THE USE OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING

Retno, Palupi Dyah Ambarsiwi (2015) IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION OF GRADE X IIS 1 AT SMAN 1 KASIHAN IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2014/2015 THROUGH THE USE OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

This research aims at improving the reading comprehension of grade X IIS 1 at SMAN 1 Kasihan in the academic year of 2014/2015. The study is action research. It was done in collaboration with the students, the English teacher, and the researcher’s colleague. The steps of the research were planning, action and observation, and reflection. The subjects of the research were 32 students of grade X IIS 1 at SMAN 1 Kasihan. The research was carried out in two cycles and the data were collected both qualitatively and quantitatively. The qualitative data were collected through observations and interviews by using observation checklists and interview guidelines, whereas the quantitative data were collected through tests. The qualitative data were analyzed through assembling, coding, and comparing the data, building interpretations, and reporting the outcome while the quantitative data were analyzed by means of the descriptive technique to obtain the mean and standard deviation. SPSS version 16.0 was also applied to analyze the students’ scores to investigate the improvement. The validity of the qualitative data was democratic validity, outcome validity, process validity, dialogic validity, whereas the quantitative data was content and face validity. The reliability of the qualitative data was obtained through time triangulation and investigator triangulation, whereas that of the quantitative data was obtained through analyzing the test items using an Item and Test analysis application, ITEMAN 3.00. The results of the research show that using reciprocal teaching improves students’ reading comprehension. The students’ problems in reading comprehension were solved by providing scaffolding, promoting student-teacher interaction, and using key reading strategies in reciprocal teaching: predicting, questioning, clarifying, and summarizing. Predicting links what the students already know about the topic with the knowledge they are about to acquire through reading. Questioning helps them identify information, themes, and ideas that are important in a text. Clarifying involves the identification and clarification of unclear, difficult, or unfamiliar aspects of the text. Summarizing checks whether they understand the text or not. The improvement was also proved by students’ mean score in the posttest which was higher than that in the pretest. The mean score in the posttest was 77.88, whereas in the pretest was 66.03. That showed that using reciprocal teaching improved students’ reading comprehension significantly.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: reading, reading comprehension, reciprocal teaching
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FBS
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 13:19
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 04:13
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/27137

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