AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN WRITING AMONG THE SECOND SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2011/2012

Alfiyani, Lulu Meilina (2013) AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN WRITING AMONG THE SECOND SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2011/2012. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

[img]
Preview
Text
Lulu Meilina Alfiyani 06202244055.pdf

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Considering the importance of grammatical knowledge in the writing process, this research aims at describing the grammatical errors that happen in the final examination of second semester students of Yogyakarta State University. Two research questions are formulated in this study. They are (1) What are grammatical errors in writing made by second semester students of English Department of Yogyakarta State University in the academic year of 2011/2012?, and (2) What are the possible causes or sources of those errors? The research study is classified into a descriptive study. The data source were collected from the students’ writing of second semester. The key instrument used in this research is the researcher and writing test result. Dulay’s, Burt, and Krashen theory becomes the main key in the data analysis. As the supplementary tools of the instruments, some forms of data sheets were used during the research analysis. There were two kinds of data: quantitative and qualitative. The quantitative data were presented in the form of frequency charts for each category of surface strategy taxonomy and comparative analysis. Then, the qualitative data described each category that occurred in the students’ writing. The researcher described the situation about the occurrence of the errors in the students’ writing. Based on the analysis of the grammatical errors, four types of errors were found. These four errors are as follows. Omission error was found 281 times, misformation error was committed 119 times, addition error occurred 189 times, and misordering errors 6 times in the analysis. As for the sources of errors, four types of errors affected the occurence of students’ errors. These four errors are as follows. Developmental error was found 302 times, ambiguous error occurred 294 times, interlingual error was produced 191 times, and unique error was found 52 times. Based on the result, it is figured out that the students were creative in constructing English sentences and still have difficulties in learning grammatical structures in writing process.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: grammatical errors, writing, english department of yogyakarta state university
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FBS
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 01:57
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2015 01:57
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/25706

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item