HAWAIIAN VALUES REPRESENTED THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN KIANA DAVENPORT’S SONG OF THE EXILE

Agusta, Marga Wulang (2012) HAWAIIAN VALUES REPRESENTED THROUGH COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN KIANA DAVENPORT’S SONG OF THE EXILE. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

This research aims at (1) identifying and describing Hawaiian cultural values on the characters’ conversation in Kiana Davenport’s Song of the Exile and (2) describing how the values are represented through Grice’s cooperative principle. Then this research uses sociopragmatics approach. This research employed a qualitative research method supported by tables showing the frequencies of the occurence. The data source of the research was the novel of Kiana Davenport’s Song of the Exile. The data were in the form of characters’ conversations containing Hawaiian cultural values. The key instrument was the researcher, while the secondary instrument was the data sheet. The research applied 3 criteria of validity and reliability for trusworthiness of the data, i.e. credibility, dependability and conformability. There are two important findings related to this research. The first finding shows that the Hawaiian cultural values of kupono (honesty) and kokua (helpfulness) have the biggest frequencies with each 14 and 13 out of 57 data (this phenomenon happens because the data are taken from the conversation which is surrounding the main character). Other values have less than 10 occurences, i.e. ho’ohiki (keeping promises) with 2, aloha (greeting) only 1, ‘olu’olu (cherish and love another) with 6, koa (viewing responsibility as honor) and lokahi (harmony) also with 2 for each, ku i ka nu’u (strive for excellence) with 6, ho’omanawanui (speak to perseverance and endurance) and alaka’i (responsibility) with 3 for each, and hanohano (dignity) with 5. As a result, based on the first finding, there are 11 Hawaiian cultural values out of Kanahele’s 25. The second finding shows the Hawaiian cultural values represented through cooperative principle on the characters’ conversation. Maxim of quality plays an important role on almost all of the data containing Hawaiian values. It has the biggest frequencies with 26 data. Then, maxim of quantity with 7, maxim of relation with 13, and maxim of manner with 11. The highest frequency of Hawaiian cultural values, kupono (honesty) and kokua (helpfulness), happens because the members of the dialogue are the family and friends of the main character. The lowest one is aloha (greeting) because this value is the most difficult to express by Hawaiians. The highest frequency of this maxim is maxim of quality which appears the most in value of kupono (honesty). This case happens because both, maxim of quality and value of kupono (honesty), have similar definition, that is pretending not to tell a lie.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: hawaiian values represented, cooperative principles, kiana davenport's song
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Prodi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FBS
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2015 01:41
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2015 01:41
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/21173

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