DEMOCRATIC THEORY AND RE-INVENTING DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY: TWO CASES OF GOTONG ROYONG DEMOCRACY IN INDONESIA AND DHARMA’S DEMOCRACY IN TAIWAN

Zamharir, Hari and Lubis, Sahruddin (2016) DEMOCRATIC THEORY AND RE-INVENTING DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY: TWO CASES OF GOTONG ROYONG DEMOCRACY IN INDONESIA AND DHARMA’S DEMOCRACY IN TAIWAN. International Conference on Ethics of Business, Economics, and Social Science. pp. 461-471. ISSN 2528-617X

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Abstract

From a long way experiment of “imported” democracy in such countries as Indonesia, Turkey, and contemporary Taiwan, there have emerged new ways of making democracy work: Turkey with what is known as negotiated democracy, in Indonesia it is Gotong Royong democracy, and in newly developed system in Taiwan it is Dharma’s democracy. The very point is how to make democracy work. After a long period of political history, new nations that adopt and/or adapt modern democratic values and institutions in Asia, Africa and Latin America find it hard to create a working democracy in their respective countries. This is so given the false idea of modernizing and more over the failure of globalization that impose domination of global corporatism in which economic interests go hand in hand with importing “distorted” democracy. Such a situation has been made worse by the main stream of universalists’ approach to political development that assumes that modern western democracies would work when transplanted elsewhere including Asia, Africa and Latin America. Now that culturalists of political theories develop a competing approach to political development, i.e. culture context theories of political development, we find more promising understanding of new democracies. Dharma’s democracy—whose features are significantly different from the ones from developed nations in the West. Meanwhile in Indonesia, there have been as well “other” consensual democracy basing itself on collective spirit and deliberation—for which I would call it Gotong Royong democracy that has been mandated in the state ideology of Pancasila. In view of finding working democracy, it is demanded that these two cases of “Asian” model of democracy be studied. These two cases would gain support by new state of the arts in democratic theories, i.e. theory of deliberative democracy whose explanatory power justifies the need for deepening democracy. Keywords: working democracy, culture-context, Gotong Royong democracy, Dharma’s democracy, Indonesia, Taiwan.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Prosiding > Proceeding of ICEBESS 2016
Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi > Pendidikan Ekonomi
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Ekonomi FE
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2016 00:21
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 01:54
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/41845

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