THE USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS TO ENHANCE STUDENTS’ WRITING PERFORMANCE FOR THE SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP N 4 MAGELANG IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2013/2014

Anggara, I Gede Arga (2014) THE USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS TO ENHANCE STUDENTS’ WRITING PERFORMANCE FOR THE SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP N 4 MAGELANG IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2013/2014. S1 thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

The research is aimed at enhancing the students’ writing performance among the seventh grade students of SMP N 4 Magelang, in the academic year 2013/2014 through using photographs. The research is classified as action research. It was conducted in two cycles, from 10th May 2014 to 31st May 2014. There were four meetings in cycle I and three meetings in cycle II. Each cycle applied photographs based activities accompanied by other actions such as giving rewards to the active students, giving more feedback written and oral to the students’ related to their writing performance, and maximizing the pair and group work. The research was done with the participation of 28 students of grade seventh and the English teacher. The steps of the research were reconnaissance, planning, action and observation, and reflection. The data were in the form of qualitative data and supported by quantitative data. The qualitative data were collected through observations, interviews, and questionnaire. Meanwhile, quantitative data were obtained through pre test and post test. The data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The field notes, interview transcripts, and questionnaire result were analyzed qualitatively through five steps namely assembling the data, coding the data, comparing the data, building meanings and interpretations, and reporting the outcomes. The students’ scores on pre test and post test were interpreted quantitatively by using the descriptive statistics to compare the means of students’ writing in pre test and post test. The validity of the data was obtained by applying democratic validity, outcome validity, process validity, and dialogic validity. Time triangulation, investigator triangulation and theoretical triangulation were also applied to check the trustworthiness of the data. The result of the research presented that the use of photographs effectively enhanced the students’ writing performance. Photographs helped the students to get the ideas about what they want to write. They provided some adjectives and nouns that could be used for the students as the clues to write down their own descriptive texts. As the result, students could develop their ideas into their own simple descriptive texts smoothly and confidently. The teaching and learning process of writing such as the students’ motivation, attention, and classroom interaction also improved through these photographs. In reference to the students’ writing scores, the students’ mean scores in pre test and post test increased 24.85. The students’ mean score also increased in some aspects, the improvement score of cohesion of sentences was 16.78, word choice was 27.14, vocabularies writing was 29.64, the coherence of content aspect was 14.65 and grammar accuracy was 26.07.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: writing, photographs, smp n 4 magelang
Subjects: Bahasa dan Sastra > Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Bahasa Inggris > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Admin Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FBS
Date Deposited: 11 May 2015 06:36
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2019 22:14
URI: http://eprints.uny.ac.id/id/eprint/18440

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